How to Grow Cannabis Outdoors – The ultimate Beginners Guide

Growing marijuana outdoors is a natural process. Most cannabis enthusiasts like growing their cannabis. Although growing cannabis outdoors is a simple process, there are some technical steps to take into account. This article focuses on outdoor marijuana growing including all the tips on growing marijuana outdoors

Before we jump on outdoor growing cannabis guide, it’s good to understand the difference between indoor and outdoor growing, alongside the pros and cons of each method.

Pros and Cons - Indoor vs. Outdoor

Indoor Growing – Benefits

Indoor growing can benefit from different harvest each year because climatic conditions do not hinder them. Indoor growers usually yield about eight ounces every two months. Furthermore, they can harvest 3-4 times a year and have enough marijuana to use.Indoor growing removes many worries that come from outdoor growing; for example, indoor growers can use special lighting and watering systems available to make their crops much healthier. Indoor growing can also be done without gaining attraction from neighbors or authorities.

Indoor Growing – Detriments

The lack of natural sunlight makes indoor growing unnatural and sometimes leads to unhealthy plants. Energy from the sun can sum up to about 2,880 trillion light bulbs which can’t be possible with indoor lights. The low amount of light that comes from indoor growing makes most plants to become small.When growing indoors, your plants are exposed to dangerous pests such as aphids or spider mites and most of these pests are difficult to control indoors. Furthermore, indoor growing is much expensive and will require a lot of investment in equipment.

Outdoor Growing – Benefits

Outdoor growing is the best way to grow cannabis plants. Our ancestor grew cannabis outdoors for thousands of years, and it resulted in excellent yields.When marijuana is grown outdoors, it leads to higher yields. This is because of the availability of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other natural gas.Although outdoor growing is liable to pest, they can also get help from insects like ants, ladybugs, and wasps which help to destroy pests. Furthermore, outdoor growing gives room for larger plants, and outdoor plants can grow to a maximum of 15-feet tall.

Outdoor Growing – Detriments

When growing outdoors, you have to depend on the natural life cycle of the plant, which means you can only harvest once a year. Climatic conditions also determine the yield of outdoor plants. For example, rainy conditions bring mold to the plant while humid conditions destroy the plants. Furthermore, natural disasters like fires, tornadoes, and earthquakes will ruin all the crops.Outdoor growing is also liable to predators like deer and birds. Also, some countries don’t permit outdoor growing.

How to pick the Right Seeds

To successfully plant marijuana you must choose the right seeds. Choosing a cannabis seed can be a confusing process for beginners. There are essential elements to take into account when selecting cannabis seeds.

Color: The best seeds have a dark color mix with a dark brown, black or tanned pattern. Green colored cannabis seeds are not recommended.

Pattern: Indica seeds have a striped pattern while sativa seeds have no pattern. Indica seeds are larger than sativa seeds.

Hardness: Seeds with harder shells are better than seeds with softer shells.

Types of Equipment

Thermometer/Humidity Gauge

To successfully plant marijuana you must choose the right seeds. Choosing a cannabis seed can be a confusing process for beginners. There are essential elements to take into account when selecting cannabis seeds.

Color: The best seeds have a dark color mix with a dark brown, black or tanned pattern. Green colored cannabis seeds are not recommended.

Pattern: Indica seeds have a striped pattern while sativa seeds have no pattern. Indica seeds are larger than sativa seeds.

Hardness: Seeds with harder shells are better than seeds with softer shells.

pH Meter

Most growers often underestimate a pH meter. But this tool can guarantee a successful harvest. Growers who cultivate with soil or hydroponics need to have a pH reader. Testing pH is required to test the acidity levels of the soil.

Magnifying Glass

This tool can determine if your plant is suitable for harvest. Magnifying glasses come in different categories, so you will need to select the one that is most appropriate for your garden.

Gloves

The resin sticks on your bare hands, so you will need to wear gloves to avoid inconvenience. Each grower needs several disposable gloves. Also, avoid using latex gloves since they attract resin. It’s preferable to use vinyl gloves, as they are more durable than latex gloves.

Pruners

Each grower needs a set of pruners for smooth harvesting. Pruners can easily be misplaced, so make sure you have several of them. Also, enable them to buy pruners from a reputable shop as they will last longer.

Preparation

Searching for a Place

Choosing a perfect place for your outdoor growing is essential. When selecting a site, ensure that sunlight is abundant. Due to changes in weather conditions, there will be a time when your plants won’t get enough sunlight, and this will lead to flowering.

Also, ensure that your plants are hidden from your neighbors and bypassers. Building high barriers around your farm will be necessary.

Choose Genetics

To get the most out of outdoor growing, you will need to choose the strain depending on the climate. It is also good to know the difference between seeds and clones.

Seeds vs. Clones

Seeds produce more healthy plants in contrast to clones. Seeds can be planted straight into the farm during early spring, or in cold and wet climates.

Autoflowering seeds are the best choice for outdoor growers because they begin to flower during maturity. Autoflowering seeds produce a quick-growing crop that fit multiple harvests into a year.

Time to Plant

Fertilizers

Nutrients are essential for the successful growth of plants. Nutrients usually come in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Growers can either use commercial or organic fertilizers for their outdoor garden. Commercial fertilizers contain synthetic mineral salts and made for indoor growers. They are also expensive and usually destroy soil bacteria.

Organic fertilization is beneficial to the soil. There are usually made from blood meal, bone meal, fish meal, bat guano, and kelp meal.

Watering

Although outdoor gardens can benefit from natural water in the form of rain, growers will also need to water their plants daily especially during warm weather. Taller cannabis plants will require more water than smaller cannabis plants.

Ensure not to excessively water your plants because it can lead to soil erosion. Beginners are recommended to buy a cheap soil moisture meter to measure the rate of watering accurately.

Protecting your Cannabis Plants

Outdoor growers are always faced with the burden of protecting their plants from storms and other natural disasters that can destroy the plant.

Rain can help water your garden, but it can also be a nuisance in some situations. Excessive rain makes your cannabis plants to become moldy. Constructing a DIY greenhouse around your cannabis plant will shield your plant from excessive rainfall. 

Harvest your Cannabis Plant

Cutting

The perfect time to harvest your cannabis plant is in the morning. Night harvests are not recommended because the cannabis plant optimizes its resin production in the night.

The best way to harvest your plant is by cutting them at the base, one at a time. An easy method is to remove the large leaves before cutting the plant. After harvesting the leaves, you can begin trimming the buds.

Drying

You can dry your plants by keeping them in the darkroom with a constant temperature (between 18 and 23ºC) and humidity level (between 55 and 65 percent).

Buy exhaust and intake fans that run for a certain period to guarantee constant ventilation in the drying room. Also always check the harvested plants for mold and fungi.

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