Feeling a little low? Or just looking for something to do in the unlimited free time that college life offers you? Why not resort to cannabis? Apparently, that is the habit of at least 7.3% of people from United States. What makes cannabis so special? What gives you that euphoria and heightened sense of relaxation? What is the metabolism that occurs in the body when you intake marijuana, hashish or hash oil? What are the effects of marijuana on the body? Well seat tight because you have come to the right place to find out.

How Cannabis affects

To know how cannabis affects the mind and body, you need to know the brain’s way of functioning. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are released from the brain to relay information throughout the body using neurons. From axon (the tail) of a neuron to the dendrite (the hands) of another, these neurotransmitters change the electrical state of each neuron. The combined states of the neurons located in different parts of the brain then decide whether you should jump when you see a cockroach or just kill it with a newspaper. The neurotransmitters either activate or deactivate a part of the brain by syncing the electrical charges of all the neurons in any area of the brain.

The Human Cannabis System

Our brain already has some cannabinoids which work at a very low frequency. The chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in cannabis is naturally at work when the neurons are firing. Naturally, when neurons fire, they become unresponsive at first so as to prevent the neuron from overworking. This is responsible for keeping you sane and composed. But cannabis, when taken in a large quantity, over-fires these signals. This results in the heightened senses. Cannabis also affects the flow of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin which are responsible for the euphoric and overwhelming sensations.

Pleasant Effects of Cannabis

After you take marijuana in a controlled dose, the drug travels through your usual digestive track. After reaching the bloodstream, it spreads to the entire body and eventually reaches the brain. Hence begins the aforementioned metabolisms. These immediate metabolisms give you a wild sense of euphoria that is quite hard to explain.

Marijuana also gives you the universally desired relaxation along with dramatically heightened sensory perceptions. Many people report seeing brighter colors and hearing more intense sounds. As theatric as it may sound, it truly alters your perception of time and even results in increased appetite. This increase in appetite comes handy to people who are anorexic or are suffering from various other diseases that cause low appetite.

Side Effects of Cannabis

Short term Side Effects

Slow response time: The response time of a person using cannabis becomes slow. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of cannabis, directly affects brain function by blurring neuronal connections.

Sensory alternation: There are signs of sensory changes that begin to appear on a physical level during use such as pain relief and a feeling of calm and euphoria. This leads to feel sleepy and depressed.

Increases cardiac pulsation: Inhaling cannabis leads to increase blood pressure or cardiac pulsation. Even a single puff can increase cardiac pulse rate.  

Mental and physical health problem: Cannabis consumption can also affect the mood and emotional state of the user. They are then in a state of anxiety, depression or stress and may suffer from vomiting, dizziness, panic attacks and migraines.

Long term Side Effects

Significant increase in the reaction time: Cannabis has been shown to have a lasting effect on receptors in the portion of the brain that is essential for cognitive actions: significantly reduced attention span, significant increase in reaction time and loss of memory compared to a person who has never used cannabis.

Taking more time to recognize emotions: People who use cannabis also take more time to recognize emotions such as happiness, anger, sorrow. Because THC decreases brain activity that is needed to recognize them.

Hampers immune system: Cannabis leads to a gradual decline in the immune system, which makes people more likely to develop common diseases such as colds, infections, flu.

Lead to mental health problem for psychologically unstable person: Cannabis causes apathy and motivation lack or loss. Using cannabis can lead to mental health problems for people with depression and anxiety or who are psychologically unstable. Moreover, in decision-making, the capacity to create and plan concepts, the most lasting and notable effects are felt.

Counteract the Negative Effects

It has been identified that cannabis consumption has both negative and pleasant effects, Though, mostly it exerts negative consequences in human body. Main element that attacks negatively is the THC content in cannabis. That is why if the effects of THC can be reduced then cannabis consumption can be used more effectively and pleasantly. There are several counter acts that can reduce the negative effects of cannabis. Some of the ways are illustrated here-

Galantamine and Nicotine

THC, CBD, anandamide (R, R, R, R) are blocked by nicotine receptors, and these receptors are helping to memory working, (R, R, R). Nicotinic receptors (Alpha 4β2 or Alpha 7 nicotine receptors) are blocked. This is probably the most important reason why you don’t have as much memory on and after cannabis. These two receptors are both activated by nicotine and galantamine.

Caffeine

The effect of cannabis on cognitive function (R) can be modulated by caffeine. The CB1 receptors are activated to put you in a trance via the Adenosine 2a receptors. You will be taken out of the trance-like state that cannabis causes if you bloc the Adenosine 2a receptors with caffeine. Blocking these receptors also prevents cannabis (R) addictive effects.

Pregnenolone

Steroids for the brain are like pregnenolone. In order to prevent cognitive harm, Pregnenolone is greatly increased with THC through CB1 activation. This mechanism of negative feedback may explain why overdoses of cannabis never appear (R). The effects on the addiction and cognitive function (R) of cannabis are restricted by pregnanolone. Pregnenolone inhibition of mice increased sluggishness due to THC (R). Inhibition By contrast, intake of THC in rats as well as THC-induced memory defects in mice (R) were blocked by prosthetic administering

LLLT on Thyroid

Cannabis reduces thyroid hormone release, and it may be problematic if your thyroid is already rather low. The best way to increase thyroid hormones is to have LLLT on the thyroid.

Sun

When consumed orally, THC has a half – life of 25 – 36 hours. THC conversion from the sun to cannabinol (CBN), which is much lower than THC, is accelerated in UV (R, R2).

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