More than half of U.S. States and the Districts of Columbia are known to have legalized the use of medical marijuana in one form or another while others are still considering to take the same step.  While most people have gone into the marijuana business, the FDA has only approved the use of medical marijuana for the treatment of two rare and severe forms epilepsy (Dravet syndrome and Lennox-GastautSyndrom.

What is Medical Cannabis?

The term medical marijuana refers to the use of the whole unprocessed plant or its basic extracts for the treatment of illnesses and other conditions. Mote to that, Medical marijuana is the medical use of cannabis sativa or cannabis indica plant for medical purposes, its mostly used to relieve symptoms, or threats diseases and conditions. The cannabis plant was used medically for centuries around the world until the early 1900s. Facts on medical marijuana can be hard to find since there are strong opinions both for and against its use.

More than half of U.S. States are known to have legalized the use of medical marijuana through the FDA has still not recognized or approve the use of marijuana for medical purposes. However, there has been a scientific study of the chemical in marijuana called cannabinoids which has led to the FDA approving two medications that contain cannabinoid chemicals in form of pills. More research on this may lead to more medications in the near future.

Differences between Medical & Recreational Cannabis

Therapeutical cannabis can be found in many different forms. The active substances of marijuana are called cannabinoids, as over a hundred different cannabinoids can be found in the plant. However, the most popular ones THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) with its psychoactive abilities, and its non-psychoactive brother CBD (Cannabinol) with its several health benefits.

While recreational users mostly enjoy consuming marijuana for its mind-altering effects triggered by the THC, the CBD is known to be way popular in the medical sector. Several studies from the past decades have shown that the CBD isn’t just a substance that can be used to treat several diseases but as well highly digestible and comes with very insignificant side effects. The THC, on the other hand, has a reputation to trigger mental illnesses, such as psychosis or depression most common with young stars.

Production/ Planting

Cannabis plants, seeds, and fruits are Class C controlled drugs, while cannabis preparations are class B1 controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs act 1975. When growing cannabis for medical purposes, both high THC and low THC cannabis (hemp) are treated the same under the Misuse of Drugs Act.

Licenses for growing cannabis can only be issued under the Misuse of Drugs Act to cultivate or extract cannabis for medical or scientific research including clinical trials.

Disadvantages of Recreational Cannabis

The global dilemma of drug abuse is far from over. Having in mind the effects it has both on the mind and the body, we can clearly understand why the use of nonmedical cannabis should be strictly prohibited. I’ll continue below with some of its disadvantages.

Effects on Short Term Memory

Street marijuana has a short effect on short term memory, some active ingredient in the drug alters the processing of information through the hippocampus. The consumption of street marijuana at a young age has a great impact on the growing brain which is more reason teens should stay clear of it.

Increases of Fear, Anxiety or Panic

Street marijuana has a short effect on short term memory, some active ingredient in the drug alters the processing of information through the hippocampus. The consumption of street marijuana at a young age has a great impact on the growing brain which is more reason teens should stay clear of it.

Mental Abilities

This is the chemical responsible for most of the psychological effects found in marijuana. Some of which are; impaired balance, slowed reaction time, poor coordination, inability to walk, talk or drive.

Psychosis

This comes with delusions and loss of identity. This effect may be common with individuals consuming large doses of the drug.

Benefits of Medical Cannabis

There are currently over 60 peer-reviewed studies examining the various benefits offered by medical marijuana. 68% found benefits while just 8% found disadvantages. 23% of the studies ended inconclusive or neutral. Most research was done on the compound CBD. The benefits of medical marijuana can be attributed to leading to the endocannabinoid system. Medical marijuana comes with benefits such as modulating the immune system, promoting neuroplasticity, emotional and cognitive modulation including learning, appetite, motivation, and digestive and vascular functions.

Fields of Medical Use

If you found yourself in a state where the use of medical marijuana has been legalized and your doctor thinks it would be of help, you will be provided with a marijuana card. You’ll be added to a list that allows you to buy cannabis from an authorized seller. Doctors may prescribe medical marijuana to treat:

1. Nausea from cancer chemotherapy

2. Muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis

3. Seizure disorder

4. Crohn’s disease

5. Loss of appetite and weight caused by chronic illness such as HIV, or nerve pain.

The FDA has a recently approved the use of THC, a key ingredient in marijuana for the treatment of nausea and also to improve appetite. It is available by prescription.

Consuming Medical Marijuana

There are several methods of consuming medical marijuana; it all depends on your goal. Each method has different effects on the body. To get an almost immediate effect, you can either smoke or vaporize it. Edibles can last for up to 2 hours before taking effect. Below are the following consumption methods to choose from:

Smoke it

Inhale it through a device called a vaporizer that turns it into a mist

Eating; in a brownie or lollipop

Apply to your skin in a lotion, spray, oil, or cream

Place a few drops of liquid under your tongue.

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